Janet Montefiore strongly criticized "Inside the Whale" in her book Men and Women Writers of the 1930s : the dangerous flood of history . Montefiore states that "Inside the Whale" is "clear, vigorous and well-written: it is also aggressive, misleading and full of holes", and claims that "Inside the Whale" and Virginia Woolf 's essay "The Leaning Tower" are responsible for creating an inaccurate view of 1930s literature.  Montefiore argues Orwell misreads Auden's poem Spain: 1937 , claiming that the poem's phrase "necessary murder" refers to the horrors of war rather than Orwell's view of it as referring to political assassinations.  Montefiore also disputes Orwell's view that British writers of the time had comfortable lives, pointing out that both Storm Jameson and Naomi Mitchison worked to help European victims of fascism, and that Christopher Isherwood and his partner had to live in exile because of their homosexuality.  Montefiore argues that "Inside the Whale" "anticipates Cold War condemnations of " premature anti-fascists "" by regarding all the left-wing writers of the period "as uniform tools or stooges of Moscow". 
" Orwellian " is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society . It denotes an attitude and a brutal policy of draconian control by propaganda , surveillance , misinformation , denial of truth , and manipulation of the past, including the " unperson "—a person whose past existence is expunged from the public record and memory, practised by modern repressive governments. Often, this includes the circumstances depicted in his novels, particularly Nineteen Eighty-Four  but political double-speak is criticized throughout his work, such as in Politics and the English Language . 
Although Orwell's health was now steadily falling apart, he started work on Nineteen Eighty-four. Published in 1949, this book is an elaborate satire (a literary work that uncovers the corrupt morals of humans) on modern politics, foretelling a world in which humans are made less than human in a world where citizens are at the mercy of the state's absolute control. Orwell entered a London hospital in September 1949 and the next month married Sonia Brownell. He died in London on January 21, 1950.