Historical research sample paper

In the preface to his book, the Muqaddimah (1377), the Arab historian and early sociologist , Ibn Khaldun , warned of seven mistakes that he thought that historians regularly committed. In this criticism, he approached the past as strange and in need of interpretation. The originality of Ibn Khaldun was to claim that the cultural difference of another age must govern the evaluation of relevant historical material, to distinguish the principles according to which it might be possible to attempt the evaluation, and lastly, to feel the need for experience, in addition to rational principles, in order to assess a culture of the past. Ibn Khaldun often criticized "idle superstition and uncritical acceptance of historical data." As a result, he introduced a scientific method to the study of history, and he often referred to it as his "new science". [29] His historical method also laid the groundwork for the observation of the role of state , communication , propaganda and systematic bias in history, [30] and he is thus considered to be the "father of historiography" [31] [32] or the "father of the philosophy of history". [33]

In many disciplines, Western methods of conducting research are predominant. [43] Researchers are overwhelmingly taught Western methods of data collection and study. The increasing participation of indigenous peoples as researchers has brought increased attention to the lacuna in culturally-sensitive methods of data collection. Non-Western methods of data collection may not be the most accurate or relevant for research on non-Western societies. For example, " Hua Oranga " was created as a criterion for psychological evaluation in Māori populations, and is based on dimensions of mental health important to the Māori people – "taha wairua (the spiritual dimension), taha hinengaro (the mental dimension), taha tinana (the physical dimension), and taha whanau (the family dimension)". [44]

Sat., Oct 7 Spark! Baking Workshop for People with Memory Loss Mill City Museum, Minneapolis Sat., Oct 7 Forgotten Stories of WW1: 100 Who Made Modern America Minnesota History Center, St. Paul Sat., Oct 7 WW1 America Painting Workshop with David Geister Minnesota History Center, St. Paul Sun., Oct 8 Tales of the Falls, a Storytelling Tour Mill City Museum, Minneapolis Tue., Oct 10 History Lounge: The Twin Cities African American Community in WW1 Minnesota History Center, St. Paul See all events

Historical research sample paper

historical research sample paper

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