Nuclear energy represents only 15% of the electricity produced worldwide. Though in France, 80% of its electricity production is from nuclear energy and more than one-fourth of electricity in Europe comes from nuclear energy. Nuclear energy represents a very small percentage in many countries’ total electricity production, but this percentage is likely to go up in the coming years. Nuclear power is generated using Uranium, a mineral of which one of the isotopes, U- 234 is unstable. The nucleus breaks down resulting in the emission of heat and radiation followed by a chain reaction. This is called nuclear fission and this process liberates a large amount of energy, but the process also releases radiation which is very dangerous.
But realizing that the Zeitgeist wouldn’t allow them to reverse these policies, and recognizing that there was a comfortable way to make profits without taking risks (by taking advantage of the generous renewable energy tariffs), utility companies changed their strategies. They embraced the Energiewende and massively invested in renewables. While major German utility groups had nearly no interest in renewables in 2000 (excepting large hydropower projects that were never subject of the renewable energy stipulations, having been implemented long before the vision of a carbon-free future was born), they instituted new renewable business areas in 2008, and ended in splitting their companies into “good” and “bad” holdings between 2014 and 2016—much like what happened with the banks after the economic collapse of 2008.